Suraneni, P., Monical, J., Unal, E., Farnam, Y., Villani, C., Barrett, T. J., & Weiss, W. J., (2016). Performance of concrete pavement in the presence of deicing salts and deicing salt cocktails (Joint Transportation Research Program Publication No. FHWA/IN/JTRP-2016/25). West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University. http://dx.doi.org/10.5703/1288284316350
Deicing salts are widely used for anti-icing and de-icing operations in pavements. While historically sodium chloride may have been the deicer most commonly used, a wide range of deicing salts have begun to be used to operate at lower temperatures, to "stick to the road better" and to improve other aspects of performance such as environmental impact or corrosion resistance. It has been observed that some chloride based deicing salts can react with the calcium hydroxide in the mixture resulting in the formation of calcium oxychloride an expansive phase that can damage concrete pavements, especially at the joints. This report describes the two main objectives of this work. First, the report documents the development a standardized approach to use low temperature differential scanning calorimetry (LT-DSC) to assess the influence of cementitious binder composition on the potential for calcium oxychloride formation. Second, this work will assess the influence of blended salt cocktails on the formation of calcium oxychloride.
Joint Transportation Research Program
Indiana Department of Transportation
West Lafayette, Indiana
Date of this Version