The purpose of this research was to examine the applicability of ternary binder systems containing ordinary portland cement (OPC), class C fly ash (FA) and silica fume (SF) for bridge deck concrete. This was accomplished in two parts, the laboratory part and a field application part.

During the laboratory studies, four ternary mixtures, each containing either 20% or 30% FA and either 5% or 7% SF were subjected to four different curing regimes (air drying, 7 days curing compound application and 3 or 7 days wet burlap curing). In general, all four ternary mixtures exhibited very good water and chloride solution transport-controlling properties (resistance to chloride-ion penetration, chloride diffusivity and rate of water absorption). However, it was concluded that in order to ensure adequate strength, good freezing and thawing resistance, satisfactory resistance to salt scaling, and adequate shrinkage cracking resistance the FA content should not exceed 20%, SF content should not exceed 5% (by total mass of binder) and paste content should be kept below 24% by volume of concrete. Further, wet burlap curing for a minimum of 3 days was required to achieve satisfactory performance and to obtain a reliable assessment of in-situ compressive strength (up to 28 days) using maturity method.

The second part of this research examined the performance of ternary concrete containing 20% FA and 5% SF in the pilot HPC bridge deck constructed in northern Indiana. Using maturity method developed for the purpose of this study, it was determined that the unexpectedly high RCP values of concrete placed late in the construction season were mostly attributed to low ambient temperature. Additional applications of the developed maturity method were also demonstrated. These include assessment of risk of scaling and reduction in time to corrosion initiation as a function of construction date, as well as estimation of long-term RCP values of concrete subjected to accelerated curing.

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bridge deck, concrete, cracking, transverse cracking, shrinkage, SPR-2911

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Performing Organization

Joint Transportation Research Program

Publisher Place

West Lafayette, Indiana

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