Heat transfer, Heat exchanger, Distribution
A microchannel heat exchanger applied to air conditioners has advantages because of its high heat transfer performance. However, there are some challenges to utilize its maximum performance. One of the most important challenges is refrigerant maldistribution resulting in heat transfer deterioration when it is used as an evaporator. The authors proposed a refrigerant distribution header that can be applied to variable capacity air conditioners, named “Refrigerant loop header.” In this paper, the “Refrigerant loop header”, which enables to equally distribute in a wide range of capacity, is introduced. In addition, high distribution performance is experimentally confirmed at different refrigerant mass flow rates.