multi-port injection; turbo compressor; compressor motor cooling; two-stage system; steady-state simulation
Two-stage vapor compression systems can be advantageous over single-stage systems by providing improved system performance, lower discharge temperature and reduced throttling losses. These systems employ various intermediate configurations, such as liquid injection and vapor injection. This paper presents a configuration for a R1234ze(E) two-stage air-conditioning system using a turbo compressor with two injection ports, one for vapor injection and the second for liquid injection. The liquid injection is used to cool the motor and electronics. A component-based representation and solution approach was used to simulate the two-stage compression system with simultaneous vapor and liquid injection at steady state. The turbo compressor was represented using a customized performance map. The condenser and the evaporator were modeled using finite-volume approach. A parametric study was conducted to assess the impact of the following three variables on the system performance: vapor injection ratio, condenser air flow rate, and discharge pipe pressure drop. The simulation results show that as the vapor injection ratio increased, the system performance undergoes a tradeoff between an enhanced subcooling effect (and thus enhanced unit refrigeration capacity) and a decreased suction mass flow rate. Maximum COP occurs when the vapor injection ratio was 0.1. The results also show that as the condenser air flow rate increased, both the capacity and power consumption (including fan power) increased monotonically, and COP increased first and then decreased. At 75% load, the COP improvement at the optimum flow rate was marginally less than 0.5%. Lastly, higher discharge pipe pressure drop increased the discharge pressure. It showed very small effect on the overall system performance at the condition selected for the current study.