Conference Year



Wavy fin, Hybrid-Slit-Wavy, Air-Side heat transfer, Finned Surface


This numerical study pertains to characterizing flow and heat transfer interactions for an interrupted fin design with wavy profile in compact tube-and-fin heat exchanger. Although designs with similar concept is prevalent in the HVAC&R industry not much literature exists on the subject combining wavy fins with periodic interruptions. Presently sinusoidal wavy fin is combined with slit fins to investigate thermal-hydraulic performance relative to an un-interrupted fin design. This fin is referred to as Hybrid Slit Wavy (HSW) fin in this work. Commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software is used for 3D numerical solution of the complete Navier–Stokes and energy equations in the heat exchanger to study flow physics and predict performance. The modeling approach is first validated with available test data from the literature on a wavy (Herringbone profile) fin heat exchanger. The predicted friction factor was within 12% and the Colburn j-factor was within 7% of the reported test data over a Reynolds number range of 350-6500. In the case of the HSW fin it was found that the air-side heat transfer is enhanced by about 20-39% relative to the baseline un-interrupted fin with an associated pressure drop penalty of 20-38%. The area goodness factors of the HSW fins are up to 4 % higher compared to the wavy fins at various operating conditions indicative of favorable trade-off. It is further established that the local flow pattern including boundary layer modifications, wake structures and enhanced flow mixing correlates strongly with local Nusselt number distribution.