Conference Year



Refrigeration, Water, Carbon Dioxide Cascade, Subcooling, Vapor Compression


As a consequence of the F-Gas regulation R404A is no longer an option for commercial refrigeration applications. Therefore, this paper focuses on natural refrigerants. There are a few options like carbon dioxide, which has an efficiency loss with increasing ambient temperatures. A promising option is subcooling of the carbon dioxide process with a chiller using water as the refrigerant. This will result in a new optimized high pressure of the carbon dioxide process depending on the ambient temperature. Finally the annual COP values of the standard transcritical and subcooled system will be discussed.