Conference Year



FDD, Fault Impacts


Previous research has been presented that suggests using instantaneous system power measurements can be used to perform fault detection for rooftop units. The methodology generates a normal system power model using measurements of system power and outdoor-air temperature, which can be then used to determine if system performance has deviated due to the presence of faults. This work presents data collected from several rooftop units subjected to different faults and ambient conditions using psychrometric chamber test facilities. The results of the testing show that total system power is not very sensitive to many common faults affecting direct-expansion air-conditioning equipment. In fact, only condenser fouling faults increase instantaneous power at significant levels. Other faults, such as improper refrigerant charge level, liquid-line restriction, or compressor valve leakage, may lead to total power reduction and also, in general, have relatively weak impacts on total system power.  Virtual sensor measurements of total cooling capacity or coefficient of performance (COP) are more sensitive fault detection indicators than system power.