Numerical Simulation on Forced Convection Cooling of Horizontal Ionic Wind with Multi-electrodes
ionic wind, multi-electrodes, horizontal flows, forced convection heat transfer, numerical simulation
Enhancement ofheat transfer plays an important role in the cooling of electronic or refrigeration systems, and its characteristics could strongly affect the stability and performance of such systems. To enhance heat transfer, air cooling of forced convection remains one of the main solutions. For example, conventional rotary-fan air cooling is still dominant in many areas. However, with the increasing of heat generation in these systems, the limitation of the conventional rotary-fan air cooling is become more obvious. So, demands in novel air cooling technology become necessary, e.g., silent and high efficient air cooling. Recently, ionic wind, which has no moving part and is easily miniaturized, shows great potential in heat dissipation and attracts widespread attentions. In this work, ionic wind, which is produced by wire to plate configuration for forced convection enhancement of horizontal flow along the plate, is numerically investigated. Firstly, a multi-physic model, which accounts for electric field, charge distribution, fluid dynamics, and heat transfer phenomenon, is presented. Comparisons between the simulation and literature data are conducted. Results show that better agreements are achieved by the developed model. Secondly, influences of the emitting electrodes numbers are analyzed. Results show that multiple electrodes configuration has higher performance in terms of heat transfer coefficient than that of the single electrode. Investigations are also carried out on the influences of the distances between the emitting electrodes. Thirdly, effects of the main parameters of ionic wind, such as the inlet velocity, and voltage applied on the electrodes etc., are investigated. Finally, by using the multi-physic model of ionic wind, characteristics of the heat transfer are predicted. It is found that the maximum enhancement of average heat transfer coefficient could reach around 150 %.