Conference Year

2014

Keywords

oil flooded compression, regenerator, packaged system, heat pump

Abstract

Heating capacity and coefficient of performance (COP) of conventional air-source heat pumps decreases towards lower ambient temperatures. In addition, high discharge temperature cutout at the compressor outlet might limit the operation of the heat pump at very low ambient temperatures. Oil injected into the compression chamber absorbs part of the heat generated during the compression process, which can result in significant reduction of the compressor discharge temperature. Discharge temperature therefore decreases with increasing injected oil mass fraction, especially at low ambient temperatures. Therefore, oil injection allows the application of air-source heat pumps in regions with very low ambient temperature in winter. Additionally, oil injection decreases the compressor power consumption by providing better sealing and lower friction during the compression process. Furthermore, if oil injection is combined with a regenerative heat exchanger, the system performance of a vapor compression system can be improved significantly. The work presented on this paper shows the experimental results of a 5-ton (17.6 kW) R410A packaged heat pump which was retrofitted with an oil injected compressor and regenerator. The effect of different oil mass fractions on the system performance was investigated under standard AHRI 210/240 heating test conditions. According to the results, more than 7% system COP improvement was observed compared to the baseline system.

2631_presentation.pdf (351 kB)
Application of Oil Flooded Compression with Regeneration to a Packaged Heat Pump System

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