model based control, supervisory control, integrated building system
Both steady-state and dynamic simulations have been widely used by HVAC&R industry to support product/equipment development for decades. Steady-state simulation focuses on the system mass, energy and momentum balance of an equilibrium state. It is based on high-fidelity components models, and thus is suitable for system and component design optimization. Dynamic simulation studies the system transient response and is generally used for controls development and verification. It usually does not require rigorous component models of high accuracy because 1) the commonly used PID control is feedback control whose control performance evaluation doesn’t require high fidelity system/plant model; 2) high-fidelity dynamic model significantly increases the number of equations and variables and creates tremendous challenge for math solver. For supervisory control, transactive control or optimization of an integrated building system, the HVAC&R equipment is often one of the sub-components to be controlled. High-fidelity equipment models are required for accurately evaluating control strategies. In addition, building equipment manufacturers have developed a lot of high-fidelity steady-state equipment/component models per their expertise. Thus, a platform that can integrate OEM high-fidelity steady-state model with dynamic building simulation and/or electric power system & grid simulation to support the development and verification of supervisory control for integrated building systems is necessary. In this study, ORNL’s heat pump design tool (HPDM) is utilized to develop a co-simulation platform for supervisory control and optimization in integrated building systems. It is based on a model that integrates high-fidelity steady-state simulation equipment models with dynamic building simulation. A practical case of using the proposed co-simulation platform to develop and evaluate the supervisory control and optimization is presented and discussed.