fire protective coating, H-type steel structure, fire test, experimental studies
Steel structures take the advantages of good stability, good ductility, low construction cost, fast construction and hence high flexibility in shape with high utilization rate. With the rapid economic growth, steel structures are popularly used in modern architecture, particularly in supertall buildings of height over 300 m in China. However, the fire behaviour of steel structures should be watched because the mechanical strength of steel reduces when temperature increases. In this paper, fire protective coatings commonly used in China for steel structures were studied by full-scale fire tests. Three types of ultra-thin, one type of thin and one type of thick coatings were evaluated. Test samples were prepared by applying the coatings on the typical H-type steel load bearing beams following standard fire resistance test. Different sets of fire protective coatings were applied on the surface of the sample as in the actual construction process. The coating thickness for the steel structural members met the Chinese regulation with ultra-thin fire protective coating of 2.00 mm ± 0.02 mm, thin fire protective coating of 5.0 mm ± 0.5 mm and thick fire protective coating of 25 mm ± 2 mm. Experiments were carried out in the large-scale testing facilities at Sichuan Fire Research Institute, Dujiangyan, Sichuan, China. The transient temperatures at different positions inside and outside the steel structure, and structural distortion of the steel structural members with different fire protective coatings under the testing condition were measured. Results on the measured temperatures, middle flexibility change values and corresponding time parameters on related parts of the test samples were then studied. A mathematical model was used for analyzing the result. The associated variables and correlation expressions among different variables were studied. Results can be taken as a reference for drafting new standards on evaluating the fire protective coatings for load bearing steel structures. For example, for the fire test of ultra-thin fire protective coating, it is possible to analyze and generalize the acquired data on temperature-time curve. For the thick-type steel structure fire protective coating, when the maximum temperature of the steel structure approaches 500oC and there is a high rate of temperature change, the fire resistance period of the structural members with protective coating can be predicted.