Massive open online courses (MOOCs) present challenges for individual student self-efficacy and relational communities of learners. Faucault’s concept of the “heterotopia” is examined as a lens of the no-place place by which barriers between the individual and the community are called into question as seemingly disparate concepts. Contextually mitigated with Freire’s “problem-posing” and Siemens’ “connectivism,” it is further argued that self-efficacy and relational community are congruous and dependent entities which provide insight to the future of digital architecture.


This paper was first presented at the Sixth International Conference of MIT's Learning International Networks Consortium (LINC) which was held June 16-19, 2013 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The final paper can be found at the following conference link under Session #3: The Worldwide Development of MOOCs.

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