Conference Year



Roots Blower, Tip leakage, High speed camera, Time-Resolved PIV, Standard PIV


Rotary positive displacement machines are common method to pump flow in various process industries. Their performance highly depends on the operational clearances. It is widely believed that computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can help understanding and reducing internal leakage flows. However, Developments of grid generating tools for use of CFD in rotary positive displacement machines have not yet been fully validated. Thereby arising a need to validate these models that help in better understanding of the leakage flows. Roots blower is a good representative of positive displacement machines and as such is convenient for optical access to analyse flows in in such machines. This paper describes the setup of the experimental test rig with the optical Roots blower in the Centre for Compressor Technology at City, University of London and the first results obtained using three different flow visualization methods. These are namely i) the high-speed camera (HC), ii) the continuous time resolved PIV (CPIV) and iii) the instantaneous PIV obtained with double pulse PIV laser and double shutter camera (IPIV). Test results from these three tests are compared and discussed in the paper. The CPIV test shows the movement of the vortex and the general shape of the flow field clearly but is not sufficient to calculate velocity vectors of high-velocity particles due to the limitation of the laser and camera. The IPIV test can produce quantitative velocity vector images of the internal flow but needs improvement to look into the leakage flow. The work described in this paper is a part of the large project set to evaluate characteristics of the internal flow in rotary positive displacement machines and to characterize leakage flows. The objective is to enable further improvements in 3D CFD analysis of leakage flows in rotary positive displacement machines and ultimately lead to the improvement in the performance of rotary positive displacement machines.