Comparative Research on Air Conditioner with Gas-injected Rotary Compressor through Injection Port on Blade
Air source heat pump; Vapor injection; Rotary compressor; Simulation; Heating capacity;
Rotary compressors are widely utilized in air conditionders and heat pumps. However, when rotary compressors were applied in room air conditioners, VRFs and domestic water heaters, the systems will experience heavily degradation of the heating capacity and COP as the ambient temperature goes low. Aimed at these problems, considerable research has been carried out to raise a series of solutions, such as economizer technology, cascade-type vapor compression heat pump system and two stage coupling heat pump system. At present, economizer technology has become a critical method to improve the performance of air source heat pumps with rotary compressors in low ambient temperature. A novel vapor injection structure on a blade for a rotary compressor has been proposed in previous paper to overcome the drawback of the traditional cylinder injection structure. Based on a verified numerical model, the performance of air source heat pumps with rotary compressors with different economizer technology including a two-stage rotary compressor, a single-stage rotary compressor with traditional injection structure and a single rotary compressor with the novel injection structure has been investigated. The results indicate that: compared to rotary compressors with traditional injection structure, air source heat pump with a rotary compressor with proposed injection structure can enhance the heating capacity and COP by 13%~15% and 4.8%~9.6%, respectively; and compared to the twin-cylinder rotary compressor, the performance of air source heat pump with a rotary compressor with proposed injection structure is almost the same, so the rotary compressor with the novel injection structure could be considered to replace the two-stage rotary compressor.