Won Hong Choi and J. Stuart Bolton, “Simulation of the Frequency Split of the Fundamental Air Cavity Mode of a Loaded and Rolling Tire by Using Steady-State Transport Analysis,” in Proceedings of InterNoise 2021, 14 pages, 1-5 August, 2021. ttps://


It has been found that when a tire deforms due to loading, the fundamental air cavity mode splits into two due to the break in geometrical symmetry. The result is the creation of fore-aft and vertical acoustic modes near 200 Hz for typical passenger car tires. When those modes couple with structural, circumferential modes having similar natural frequencies, the oscillatory force transmitted to the suspension can be expected to increase, hence causing increased interior noise levels. Further, when the tire rotates, the frequency split is enlarged owing to the Doppler effect resulting from the airflow within the tire cavity. The current research is focused on determining the influence of rotation speed on the frequency split by using FE simulation. In particular, the analysis was performed by using steady-state transport analysis which enables vibroacoustic analysis in a moving frame attached to tire in the frequency domain. The details of the modeling are described and results are given for a tire under different rotation speeds, presented in terms of dispersion curves that illustrate the interaction between structural and acoustical modes. The results are compared to those for static tires and tires spinning without translational velocity to highlight the effects of rolling.


Tire noise, Cavity mode, Structure-borne sound, Finite element model, Frequency split


Acoustics and Noise Control

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