Recently, a theory has been developed which describes wave propagation in relatively stiff, partially reticulated polyurethane foams, the type most commonly used in noise control applications [J.S. Bolton and E. Gold, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Suppl. 1, vol. 77, S59 (1985)]. A high impedance wave associated with the bulk mechanical properties of the foam matrix is usually significantly excited in these materials. As a consequence, the acoustical performance of finite depth layers of foam of this type is very sensitive to the boundary conditions which apply at the front and rear layer surfaces. Specifically, it will be shown in this paper that the action of a film facing is dependent on how it is attached to the foam layer. In addition it will be demonstrated that a small gap, e.g., 1 mm, separating a foam layer from a hard backing can increase the low-frequency absorption dramatically. A similar effect occurs when a film facing is not bonded directly to the surface of a foam layer but is separated from it by a thin air gap. This work has suggested an arrangement for enhancing the low frequency absorption of thin foam layers.
Sound absorption, Poroelastic layers, Foams, Boundary conditions
Acoustics and Noise Control
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