The metamaterial under investigation here consists of a periodic arrangement of unit plates in a grid-like frame such that there is a contrast in the local areal mass between cell interior and cell wall. In the low frequency range and under normal incidence this metamaterial panel exhibits a sound transmission loss significantly larger than the transmission loss of an unstructured panel with the same homogeneous mass per unit area. However, when the incident sound field is diffuse, the relative advantage of the metamaterial barrier is reduced or eliminated. A sequence of experiments is documented to demonstrate that the relative advantage of the metamaterial barrier can be realized even in a diffuse sound field by creating a hybrid barrier system which embeds the metamaterial layer between a normalizing waveguide layer on the incident side and an absorbing layer on the transmitted side. The sound normalizing waveguide layer is a lattice structure, and the absorbing layer is high performance glass fiber mat. By using measurements of the transmission loss of a 1,2 m square panel system the role of each of these components is demonstrated.
Planar cellular metamaterial, Diffuse sound field, Barrier materials, Sound transmission loss
Acoustics and Noise Control
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