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Existing reaction transition state (TS) databases are comparatively small and lack chemical diversity. Here, this data gap has been addressed using the concept of a graphically-defined model reaction to comprehensively characterize a reaction space associated with C, H, O, and N containing molecules with up to 10 heavy (non-hydrogen) atoms. The resulting dataset is composed of 176,992 organic reactions possessing at least one validated TS, activation energy, heat of reaction, reactant and product geometries, frequencies, and atom-mapping. For 33,032 reactions, more than one TS was discovered by conformational sampling, allowing conformational errors in TS prediction to be assessed. Data is supplied at the GFN2-xTB and B3LYP-D3/TZVP levels of theory. A subset of reactions were recalculated at the CCSD(T)-F12/cc-pVDZ-F12 and ωB97X-D2/def2-TZVP levels to establish relative errors. The resulting collection of reactions and properties are called the Reaction Graph Depth 1 (RGD1) dataset. RGD1 represents the largest and most chemically diverse TS dataset published to date and should find immediate use in developing novel machine learning models for predicting reaction properties.


This is the published version of the Zhao, Q., Vaddadi, S.M., Woulfe, M. et al. Comprehensive exploration of graphically defined reaction spaces. Sci Data 10, 145 (2023).