Barrier MIMDs are asynchronous Multiple Instruction stream Multiple Data stream architectures capable of parallel execution of variable-execution-time instructions and arbitrary control flow (e.g., w h ile loops and calls); however, they differ from conventional MIMDs in that the need for run-time synchronization is significantly reduced. Whenever a group of processors within a barrier MIMD encounters a synchronization point (barrier), static timing constraints become precise, hence, conceptual synchronizations between the processors often can be statically resolved with zero cost — as in a SIMD or VLIW and using similar compiler technology. Unlike these machines, however, as execution continues past the synchronization point the accuracy within which the compiler can track the relative timing between processors is reduced. Where this imprecision becomes too large, the compiler simply inserts a synchronization barrier to insure that timing imprecision at that point is zero, and again employs static, implicit synchronization. This paper describes new scheduling and barrier placement algorithms for barrier MIMDs that are based loosely on the list scheduling approach employed for VLIWs [Elli85]. In addition, the experimental results from scheduling more than 3500 synthetic benchmark programs for a parameterized barrier MIMD machine are presented.
Static Barrier MIMD (SBM), Dynamic Barrier MIMD (DBM), barrier synchronization, code scheduling, compiler optimization.
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