Various new measurement techniques have been developed for a high voltage phenomenon referred to as partial discharge. Partial discharge is a localized breakdown of the high voltage insulation system which is observed as low level, random emissions. Both electrical and acoustic emissions have been measured in underground power cables, solid cast power transformers and in lumped specimens. Typical problems complicating the measurements are the randomness of the emission, high levels of interference and extreme distortion of the signal by the propagation path. Various signal processing techniques have been adapted to the measurement of partial discharge. The techniques investigated are capable of reducing noise in the measurements and have provided orders of magnitude improvement in sensitivity over ordinary methods. Some of the techniques studied are capable of providing information about the location of the partial discharge site.
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