Supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant DC1-8419745, by the Innovative Science and Technology Office of the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization and was administered through the Office of Naval Research under contract No. 00014-85-k-0588, and by the Supercomputing Research Center under contract MDA904-85-C-5027.


A "state model" is proposed for solving the problem of routing and rerouting messages in the Inverse Augmented Data Manipulator (IADM) network. Using this model, necessary and sufficient conditions for the reroutability of messages are established, and then destination tag schemes are derived. These schemes are simpler, more efficient and require less complex hardware than previously proposed routing schemes. Two destination tag schemes are proposed. For one of the schemes, rerouting is totally transparent to the sender of the message and any blocked link of a given type can be avoided. Compared with previous works that deal with the same type of blockage, the timeXspace complexity is reduced from O(logN) to O(1). For the other scheme, rerouting is possible for any type of link blockage. A universal rerouting algorithm is constructed based on the second scheme, which finds a blockage-free path for any combination of multiple blockages if there exists such a path, and indicates absence of such a path if there exists none. In addition, the state model is used to derive constructively a lower bound on the number of subgraphs which are isomorphic to the Indirect Binary N-Cube network in the IADM network. This knowledge can be used to characterize properties of the IADM networks and for permutation routing in the IADM networks.


cube network, data manipulator network, destination-tag routing, fault tolerance, interconnection network, multiprocessor, parallel processing, state model.

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