Several on-body sensing and communication applications use electrodes in contact with the human body. Body–electrode interfaces in these cases act as a transducer, converting ionic current in the body to electronic current in the sensing and communication circuits and vice versa. An ideal body–electrode interface should have the characteristics of an electrical short, i.e., the transfer of ionic currents and electronic currents across the interface should happen without any hindrance. However, practical body–electrode interfaces often have definite impedances and potentials that hinder the free flow of currents, affecting the application’s performance. Minimizing the impact of body–electrode interfaces on the application’s performance requires one to understand the physics of such interfaces, how it distorts the signals passing through it, and how the interface-induced signal degradations affect the applications. Our work deals with reviewing these elements in the context of biopotential sensing and human body communication.
Body–electrode interface; biopotential sensing; human body communication
Date of this Version
Polachan, K.; Chatterjee, B.; Weigand, S.; Sen, S. Human Body–Electrode Interfaces for Wide-Frequency Sensing and Communication: A Review. Nanomaterials 2021, 11, 2152. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11082152