While the effect of interfacial morphology on the short circuit current (ISC) of organic photovoltaic devices (OPVs) is well known, its impact on open circuit voltage (VOC) and fill-factor (FF) are less clear. Since the output power of a solar cell Pout 1/4 ISCVOCFF, such understanding is critical for designing high-performance, morphology-engineered OPVs. In this letter, we provide an explicit analytical proof that any effort to radically improve VOC by tailoring bulk heterojunction morphology is futile, because any increase in ISC due to larger interface area is counterbalanced by corresponding increase in recombination current, so that the upper limit of VBHJ OC cannot exceed that of the corresponding planar heterojunction devices, i.e... We discuss the implication of this VOC-constraint on the efficiency optimization of organic solar cells.
Date of this Version
Can morphology tailoring improve the open circuit voltage of organic solar cells? Biswajit Ray, Mark S. Lundstrom and Muhammad A. Alam. Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 013307 (2012)