We present experimental evidence that minority electron transport across a thin, quasineutral p+ GaAs region is limited by the thermal velocity of the electrons rather than by conventional diffusive transport. A set of GaAs homojunction np+n transistors with base widths of 4000, 2000, 1000, and 500 Å was fabricated and characterized. The diffusive modelpredicts that the dc collector current of the 500‐Å base width transistors should be eight times larger than the collector current of transistors with a 4000‐Å‐wide base. The experimental results, however, show only a factor of ~3.5 increase in collector current. The measured collector current versus base width characteristic agrees well with theoretical treatments of thin‐base transport. These new results present evidence of quasiballistic electron transport in p+ GaAs and have important implications for GaAs transistor design.
Date of this Version
Appl. Phys. Lett. 64 (2), 10 January 1994