Algorithms for distributed monitoring in multi-channel ad hoc wireless networks
Ad hoc wireless networks are vulnerable to a wide range of security attacks, due to the ease of the nodes being compromised and the cooperative nature of these networks. A solution approach widely used for defending these networks is behavior-based detection. In this, nodes overhear communications in their neighborhood exploiting the open nature of the wireless medium, and determine if the behaviors of their neighbors are legitimate. An important issue with behavior-based detection that arises in multi-channel ad hoc wireless networks is on which channels monitoring nodes should overhear their neighbors' communications. In this dissertation, we develop a framework for behavior-based detection in multi-channel ad hoc wireless networks. We are interested in the issue of how to optimally place monitoring nodes and to select channels to tune their radios to. We show that the problem is NP-hard, then develop approximation algorithms. We show that one of our algorithms attains the best approximation ratio achievable among all polynomial-time algorithms. Also, we develop distributed channel assignment algorithms for large-scale and dynamic networks. The distributed nature of the algorithm allows it to scale to large networks. Further, we allow for imperfect detection, where monitoring nodes may probabilistically fail to detect malicious behaviors. For this scenario, we consider providing multiple covers to each node, thereby still maintaining the detection accuracy above a certain level. We evaluate our algorithms for random and scale-free networks and consider optimizations for practical deployment scenarios, such as when the network configuration is changing fast versus a relatively static network.
Bagchi, Purdue University.
Computer Engineering|Electrical engineering
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