Diagnostic methodology for incipient system disturbance based on a neural wavelet approach

In-ho Won, Purdue University


Since incipient system disturbances are easily mixed up with other events or noise sources, the signal from the system disturbance can be neglected or identified as noise. Thus, as available knowledge and information is obtained incompletely or inexactly from the measurements; an exploration into the use of artificial intelligence (AI) tools to overcome these uncertainties and limitations was done. A methodology integrating the feature extraction efficiency of the wavelet transform with the classification capabilities of neural networks is developed for signal classification in the context of detecting incipient system disturbances. The synergistic effects of wavelets and neural networks present more strength and less weakness than either technique taken alone. A wavelet feature extractor is developed to form concise feature vectors for neural network inputs. The feature vectors are calculated from wavelet coefficients to reduce redundancy and computational expense. During this procedure, the statistical features based on the fractal concept to the wavelet coefficients play a role as crucial key in the wavelet feature extractor. To verify the proposed methodology, two applications are investigated and successfully tested. The first involves pump cavitation detection using dynamic pressure sensor. The second pertains to incipient pump cavitation detection using signals obtained from a current sensor. Also, through comparisons between three proposed feature vectors and with statistical techniques, it is shown that the variance feature extractor provides a better approach in the performed applications.




Tsoukalas, Purdue University.

Subject Area

Nuclear physics|Electrical engineering|Artificial intelligence

Off-Campus Purdue Users:
To access this dissertation, please log in to our
proxy server