The utility of the Holland model with the Five -Factor Model to guide the undecided student toward academic major selection

Donnal F. P. Crohan, Purdue University


Career study has been struggling with the conceptualization and implementation of career counseling tools for almost 100 years (Parmer & Rush, 2003). During that period of time, the practice of career advisal experienced many changes and many theories were tested to find the most effective counseling models. Today, the need for deciding the future of a person's career path is still the focus of career counseling (Cochran, 1994). This study serves to facilitate the growth of traditional career process into the direction most relevant to current career concerns. The study illustrates that the present use of the Holland model, manifested in the use of the Self Directed Search, is not sufficient, and that the inclusion of the Five Factor Model of Personality, measured by the NEO PI-R, only marginally facilitates the traditional approach in some areas and is less effective in others. In the long term, the results indicate that the present assessments do not provide the clear choice prediction that career counselors seek when facilitating client decision. Point in fact, neither assessment approach provides a clear advantage across the Holland environmental fields and more significantly, the Social career seekers would not benefit from the present assessments. Further assessment refinement and development is needed.




Kelly, Purdue University.

Subject Area

Personality|Academic guidance counseling

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