Ischemic preconditioning and hydrodynamic delivery for the prevention of Acute Kidney Injury
Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a prevalent and significant problem whose primary treatment is supportive care. Ischemic preconditioning is a strategy used to protect organs from ischemic injury via a prior injury. Ischemic preconditioning in the kidneys has been shown to confer protection onto kidneys from subsequent ischemic insults with attenuated serum creatinine values in treated rats. In the preconditioned kidneys, the enzyme IDH2 was discovered to be upregulated in the mitochondria. Hydrodynamic fluid delivery to the kidney was found to be a viable technique for delivering this gene to the kidney, resulting in artificially upregulated expression of IDH2. Via a two-pronged effort to discern the functional significance of ischemic preconditioning and hydrodynamic IDH2 fluid injections, we performed mitochondrial oxygen respiration assays on both preconditioned and injected kidneys. We found that renal ischemic preconditioning resulted in no significant difference between sham and preconditioned, subsequently injured kidneys, which is similar to the results from the serum creatinine studies. Hydrodynamically IDH2-injected, and subsequently injured kidneys respire significantly better than vehicle injected, and subsequently injured kidneys, which shows that hydrodynamic injections of IDH2 protects kidneys against injury, and partially mimics the effects of preconditioning.
Atkinson, Purdue University.
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