A strategic framework to construct two hundred homes in thirty days after disasters
Disasters, both manmade and natural, are the extreme events that have low probability of occurrence and high consequences that affect individuals and communities. Emergency agencies have developed response plans to alleviate the adverse effects of these catastrophes that have diverse intensities and broader impact area. However, These events have also entailed constrictions on planners who are then forced to develop response plans that address all varied issues and requirements of victims in spite of all the uncertainties after disaster. These comprehensive response plans have fallen short in providing good quality temporary shelters and alternatives for permanent homes after recent disasters. As a consequence of extended stay in temporary homes, victims have experienced unfavorable health problems. Therefore, deliberate plans are required that provide guidelines to emergency planners in presenting post disaster housing assistance in short period of time to reduce response time and thus sufferings of victims. A strategic framework is proposed through this research to develop a set of guidelines for emergency agencies to construct two hundred homes in thirty days after disaster. The main objective of this research was to perform feasibility study of implementing such a strategy that would enable agencies to provide better solutions for post disaster housing assistance. The first two of four phases in the framework carry out pre disaster planning and establish relationships among the participating entities. Whereas, third phase includes simulating post disaster processes identified in the previous phases to execute optimization studies. The last phase is about the real implementation of this strategy after disaster that also incorporates its outcomes and experiences into previously planned strategy. This would help in improving the strategy for future disasters. Successful execution would facilitate opportunities to reduce stress of victims and encourage them to participate in the redevelopment process.
Hastak, Purdue University.
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