Improving Object Composition Visualization via Exploded Views

Gustavo Alejandro Guayaquil Sosa, Purdue University


Manipulating internal parts of a 3D model can be a time consuming and tedious task. On one hand, letting a user to define the position of each part can depend on the type of the object and the expertise of using modeling tools. On the other hand, using transparent visualization or cut techniques can mislead the spatial relation position between different parts of a model. An approach that attempts to mitigate previous issues is an exploded view. In this work, we introduce an improvement to the current state of exploded views by adding two features: an algorithm to automatically position the camera to show an optimal exploded view for a selected target on a variety of models, and a qualitative user study to obtain features' feedback of our algorithm used by 3D software users. Our work is based on two key elements: a low-level data structure using bounding boxes (BB) and an optimization that minimizes an energy function dependent on two search spaces in parallel. Using BBs allows us to generalize the type of exploded views to any geometrical model while maintaining interactive frame-rates in our application. Simulated annealing, along with two heuristics, is used to solve the optimization. For a selected part, the optimization heuristics help to guide the direction of explosion and to move the part's neighborhood in a recursive manner if necessary. We decide to call the neighbor's movement megamove. Our technique is applied to a variety of models, such as furniture, anatomical datasets, and vehicles. We also test our application with users with knowledge of 3D software using a questionnaire. The user study aids our analysis of the likelihood for our exploded views to be an improvement for 3D software user expectations.




McGraw, Purdue University.

Subject Area

Mathematics|Computer Engineering|Computer science

Off-Campus Purdue Users:
To access this dissertation, please log in to our
proxy server