MR-compatible Electrophysiology Recording for Multimodal Imaging
Simultaneous acquisition of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electrophysiological recordings is an emerging multimodal neuroimaging strategy for studying brain functions. However, the strong magnetic field generated during fMRI greatly degrades the electrophysiological signal quality during simultaneous acquisition. Here, I developed a low powered, miniaturized, system – “ECHO” which delivers a hardware and software solution to overcome the challenges presented by multimodal imaging. The device monitors fluctuations in electromagnetic field during fMRI and synchronizes amplification and sampling of electrophysiological signals to minimize effects of gradient and RF artifacts (electromagnetic artifacts). Furthermore, I introduced a concept of wirelessly transmitting recorded data through the MRI receiver coil. ECHO transmits the data at a frequency visible to the MRI receiver coil, after which the transmitted data is readily separable from the MRI image in the frequency domain. The MR-compatibility of the recorder was evaluated through a series of experiments with a phantom to study its effects on the MRI image quality. To further evaluate the effectiveness of ECHO, I recorded electrocardiogram and local field potential (evoked potential) in live rats during concurrent fMRI acquisition. In summary, ECHO offers a ‘plug and play’ solution to capture artifact-free electrophysiological data without the need of expensive amplifiers or synchronization hardware which require physical connection to the MRI scanner. This device is expected to make multimodal imaging more accessible and be applied for a broad range of fMRI studies in both the research and clinical fields.
Liu, Purdue University.
Electrical engineering|Biomedical engineering
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