Multi-Dimensional Data Analytics and Deep Learning Via Tensor Networks

Wenqi Wang, Purdue University


With the booming of big data and multi-sensor technology, multi-dimensional data, known as tensors, has demonstrated promising capability in capturing multi- dimensional correlation via efficiently extracting the latent structures, and drawn considerable attention in multiple disciplines such as image processing, recommender system, data analytics, etc. In addition to the multi-dimensional nature of real data, artificially designed tensors, referred as layers in deep neural networks, have also been intensively investigated and achieved the state-of-the-art performance in imaging processing, speech processing, and natural language understanding. However, algorithms related with multi-dimensional data are unfortunately expensive in computation and storage, thus limiting its application when the computational resources are limited. Although tensor factorization has been proposed to reduce the dimensionality and alleviate the computational cost, the trade-off among computation, storage, and performance has not been well studied. To this end, we first investigate an efficient dimensionality reduction method using a novel Tensor Train (TT) factorization. In particular, we propose a Tensor Train Principal Component Analysis (TT-PCA) and a Tensor Train Neighborhood Preserving Embedding (TT-NPE) to project data onto a Tensor Train Subspace (TTS) and effectively extract the discriminative features from the data. Mathematical analysis and simulation demonstrate TT-PCA and TT-NPE achieve better trade-off among computation, storage, and performance than the bench-mark tensor-based dimensionality reduction approaches. We then extend the TT factorization into general Tensor Ring (TR) factorization and propose a tensor ring completion algorithm, which can utilize 10% randomly observed pixels to recover the gunshot video at an error rate of only 6.25%. Inspired by the novel trade-off between model complexity and data representation, we introduce a Tensor Ring Nets (TRN) to compress the deep neural networks significantly. Using the benchmark 28-layer WideResNet architectures, TRN is able to compress the neural network by 243× with only 2.3% degradation in Cifar10 image classification.




Aggarwal, Purdue University.

Subject Area

Operations research|Computer science|Information Technology

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