Process-to-Panel Modeling and Multiprobe Characterization of Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cell Technology

Raghu Vamsi Krishna Chavali, Purdue University


The large-scale deployment of PV technology is very sensitive to the material and process costs. There are several potential candidates among p-n heterojunction (HJ) solar cells competing for higher efficiencies at lower material and process costs. These systems are, however, generally complex, involve diverse materials, and are not well understood. The direct translation of classical p-n homojunction theory to p-n HJ cells may not always be self-consistent and can lead, therefore, to misinterpretation of experimental results. Ultimately, this translation may not be useful for modeling and characterization of these solar cells. Hence, there is a strong need to redefine/reinterpret the modeling/characterization methodologies for HJ solar cells to produce a self-consistent framework for optimizing HJ solar cell designs. Towards this goal, we explore the physics and interpret characterization experiments of p-n HJs using Silicon HJ (HIT) solar cells. We will: (1) identify the key HJ properties that affect the cell efficiency; (2) analyze the dependence of key HJ properties on the carrier transport under light and dark conditions; (3) provide a selfconsistent multi-probe approach to extract the HJ parameters using several characterization techniques including dark I-V, light I-V, C-V, impedance spectroscopy, and Suns-Voc; (4) propose design guidelines to address the HJ bottlenecks of HIT cells; and (5) develop a process-to-module modeling framework to establish the module performance limits. The guidelines resulting from this multi-scale and self-consistent framework can be used to improve performance of HIT cells as well as other HJ based solar cells.




Gray, Purdue University.

Subject Area

Alternative Energy|Electrical engineering|Energy

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