Characterization of tensile, creep, and fatigue properties of 3D printed Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene
Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) is the most widely used thermoplastics in 3D printing for making models, prototypes, patterns, tools and end-use parts. However there is a lack of systematic understanding of the mechanical properties of 3D printed ABS components, including orientation-dependent tensile strength, creep, and fatigue properties. These mechanical properties are critically needed for design and application of 3D printed components. The main objective of this research is to systematically characterize key mechanical properties of 3D printed ABS components, including tensile, creep, and fatigue properties. Additionally, the effects of printing orientation on the mechanical properties are investigated. There are two research approaches employed in the thesis: first, experimental investigation of the tensile, creep, and fatigue properties of the 3D printed ABS components; second, laminate based finite-element modeling of tensile test to understand the stress distributions in different printing layers. The major conclusions of the thesis work are summarized as follows. The tensile test experiments show that the 0° printing orientation has the highest Young’s modulus, 1.81 GPa, and ultimate strength, 224 MPa. The tensile test simulation shows a similar Young’s modulus as the experiment in elastic region, indicating the robustness of laminate based finite element model. In the creep test, the 90 °printing orientation has the lowest k value of 0.2 in the plastics creep model, suggesting the 90° is the most creep resistant among 0°, 45°, and 90°printing orientations. In the fatigue test, the average cycle number under load of 30 N is 3796 revolutions. The average cycle number decreases to 128 revolutions when the load is below 60N. Using the Paris Law, with the crack size of 0.75 mm long and stress intensity factor is varied from 352 to 700 MN –m3/2, the predicted fatigue crack growth rate is 0.0341 mm/cycle.
Zhang, Purdue University.
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