Optimization of modular die design in extrusion process

Tushar P Bakhtiani, Purdue University


Aluminum extrusion is a metal forming process used for the production of a large variety of solid, semi-solid and complex hollow products. During extrusion, the hot aluminum billet goes under severe plastic deformation as it is forced to flow through a smaller die cavity that defines the final shape of the extruding product. Surface finish and dimensional accuracy are the two most important criteria that specify the productivity and feasibility of the extrusion process which is highly influenced by the flow of aluminum through the deforming die. Therefore, die design is considered as one of the most important characteristics of the extrusion process that influences aluminum flow, quality of the extruding product and its dimensional accuracy. Currently, development of extrusion dies is primarily based upon the empirical knowledge of the die designer gained through trial and error, which inevitability is an expensive, time consuming and ineffective method. However, owing to the technological advancements of this century in the field of finite element modeling, this decade old trial and error method can now be replaced by numerical simulations that not only save time and money but also, can accurately predict the flow of aluminum through a die as well as predict die deformation occurring during the extrusion process The motivation of this research project came from a private extrusion die manufactures need for improving their pioneered modular die based on good analytical and scientific understanding of the dies performance during the extrusion process.




El-Mounayri, Purdue University.

Subject Area

Industrial engineering|Mechanical engineering

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