The relationship between e-cig use, alcohol consumption, and smoking prohibition where alcohol is consumed
Smoke-Free legislation in the United States has unintentionally resulted in a decline in alcohol consumption. However, more recently electronic-cigarettes (e-cigs), which are associated with alcohol use, are reportedly being used to circumvent smoking bans. The present study surveyed community dwelling individuals in the United States reporting e-cigs may be used where they drink (N=365, mean age=33.63, SD=9.91, 53.2% female, 78.9% Caucasian) to examine how e-cig use and alcohol consumption varies by the presence of smoking prohibition where one consumes alcohol. Results indicated that smoking prohibition was associated with a greater likelihood of being an e-cig user than a cigarette user (OR=3.40, p<.001) and a higher likelihood of being an e-cig user than a dual user (OR=3.37, p<.001). Smoking prohibition was not associated with AUDIT scores (B=-0.06, p=.21), total drinks (B=-.07, p=.19), or average drinks (B=-0.02, p=.76). E-cig users reported significantly fewer average drinks when smoking is prohibited as compared to allowed, t(55)=3.26, p=.002. Overall, current results suggest smoking prohibition is associated with a greater likelihood of being an e-cig user; however, smoking prohibitions are not associated with alcohol consumption and related problems in the current participants, who all reported being able to use e-cigs where they consume alcohol. Future research should address potential conceptual, methodological, and sample limitations in order to better discern this relationship, as this line of research could have important implications for e-cig policy and alcohol use treatment
Cyders, Purdue University.
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