Vapor chambers provide highly effective heat spreading to assist in the thermal management of elec- tronic devices. Although there is a significant body of literature on vapor chambers, most prior research has focused on their steady-state response. In many applications, electronic devices generate inherently transient heat loads and, hence, it is critical to understand the transient thermal response of vapor cham- bers. We recently developed a semi-analytical transport model that was used to identify the key mech- anisms that govern the thermal response of vapor chambers to transient heat inputs (Int. J. Heat Mass Trans. 136 (2019) 995–1005). The current study utilizes this understanding of the governing mechanisms to develop design guidelines for improving the performance of vapor chambers under transient operating conditions. Two key aspects of vapor chamber design are addressed in this study: first, a parametric op- timization of the wall, wick, and vapor-core thicknesses; and second, the selection of the working fluid. A protocol is demonstrated for selecting these parameters given the external vapor chamber envelope di- mensions and boundary conditions. The study helps provide a framework for designing vapor chambers subject to transient heat loads, and to differentiate such design from the practices followed traditionally for steady-state operation.
Transient, Vapor chamber, Heat pipe, Design, Working fluid
Date of this Version
G. Patankar, J.A. Weibel, and S.V. Garimella, “On the Transient Thermal Response of Thin Vapor Chamber Heat Spreaders: Optimized Design and Fluid Selection,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 148, 119106, 2020.