Numerical Investigation of Heat and Mass Transfer from an Evaporating Meniscus in a Heated Open Groove


The process of evaporation from a meniscus into air is more complicated than in enclosed chambers filled with pure vapor. The vapor pressure at the liquid–gas interface depends on both of the evaporation and the vapor transport in the gas environment. Heat and mass transport from an evaporating meniscus in an open heated V-groove is numerically investigated and the results are compared to experiments. The evaporation is coupled to the vapor transport in the gas domain. Conjugate heat transfer is considered
in the solid walls, and the liquid and gas domains. The flow induced in the liquid due to Marangoni effects, as well as natural convection in the gas due to thermal expansivity and vapor concentration gradients are simulated. The calculated evaporation rates are found to agree reasonably well with experi-
mentally measured values. The convection in the gas domain has a significant influence on the overall heat transfer and the wall temperature distribution. The evaporation rate near the contact lines on either end of the meniscus is high. Heat transfer through the thin liquid film near the heated wall is found to be very efficient. A small temperature valley is obtained at the contact line which is consistent with the experimental observation.


evaporation, vapor transport, diffusion, meniscus, thin film, Marangoni, groove, temperature valley

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International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer

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