In his article "Beat Contenders (Micheline, Sanders, Kupferberg)" A. Robert Lee asks if we are in danger of too fixed a Beat canonization. That is, do the Usual Suspects—Ginsberg, Kerouac, and Burroughs, with Corso, Ferlinghetti, Cassady, and Snyder in the frame—assume too presiding a role? There is, for sure, rightly, increased recognition of Beat women writers and attention has been given to the Afro-Beat circuit and, indeed, to a wider multicultural roster to include Latino/a and Asian American authorship. Beat's international reach has won its place, from the United Kingdom and Continental Europe to Japan and Australia. Even so, other voices invite their due. Lee gives context and a brief exploration of three voices, each Beat to the one extent or another although whose styling remains insistently their own: Jack Micheline (self-termed street poet for whose River of Red Wine Kerouac wrote a preface), Ed Sanders (classicist, musician, and author of Tales of Beatnik Glory), and Tuli Kupferberg (poet-musician, anarchist, and co-founder of the rock-satirical group The Fugs).
Lee, A. Robert
"Beat Contenders (Micheline, Sanders, Kupferberg)."
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