An analysis is developed to calculate the response of laterally loaded piles in multilayered elastic media. The displacement fields in the analysis are taken to be the products of independent functions that vary in the vertical, radial and circumferential directions. The governing differential equations for the pile deflections in different soil layers are obtained using the principle of minimum potential energy. Solutions for pile deflection are obtained analytically, whereas those for soil displacements are obtained using the one-dimensional finite difference method. The input parameters needed for the analysis are the pile geometry, the soil profile, and the elastic constants of the soil and pile. The method produces results with accuracy comparable with that of a three-dimensional finite element analysis but requires much less computation time. The analysis can be extended to account for soil non-linearity.


piles; elasticity; theoretical analysis

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