The accepted (peer-reviewed) version for self-archiving. A version of record is available at:

Salam A., Raza U. (2020) Wireless Underground Channel Modeling. In: Signals in the Soil. Springer, Cham.


A comprehensive treatment of wireless underground channel modeling is presented in this chapter. The impacts of the soil on bandwidth and path loss are analyzed. A mechanism for the UG channel sounding and multipath characteristics analysis is discussed. Moreover, novel time-domain impulse response model for WUC is reviewed with the explanation of model parameters and statistics. Furthermore, different types of the through-the-soil wireless communications are surveyed. Finally, the chapter concludes with discussion of the UG wireless statistical model and path loss model for through-the-soil wireless communications in decision agriculture. The model presented in this chapter is also validated with empirical data.


Wireless Underground Channel, Underground Communications, Internet of Underground Things

Date of this Version