The extra quantities of wastewater entering the pipes can cause backups that result in sanitary sewer overflows. Urban underground infrastructure monitoring is important for controlling the flow of extraneous water into the pipelines. By combining the wireless underground communications and sensor solutions, the urban underground IoT applications such as real time wastewater and storm water overflow monitoring can be developed. In this paper, the path loss analysis of wireless underground communications in urban underground IoT for wastewater monitoring has been presented. It has been shown that the communication range of up to 4 kilometers can be achieved from an underground transmitter when communicating through 10cm thick asphalt layer.
Signals in the asphalt, Subsurface Electromagnetic waves, Urban Underground Infrastructure Monitoring, Wireless underground communications, Underground sensing, Underground Antenna
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Civil Engineering Commons, Digital Communications and Networking Commons, Electromagnetics and Photonics Commons, Environmental Engineering Commons, Geotechnical Engineering Commons, Hydraulic Engineering Commons, OS and Networks Commons, Soil Science Commons, Structural Engineering Commons, Sustainability Commons, Systems and Communications Commons, Water Resource Management Commons