Tech Report Number



While the engendering of participation equality is generally viewed as a desirable group process attribute, findings from prior empirical research are both inconsistent and inconclusive regarding the measurement of participation equality within collaborative electronically supported environments. One explanation for this inconsistency lies in the manner in which the “participation equality” construct has been studied and measured. Results of analyses performed across three distinct national cultures utilizing 86 experimental groups and over 660 participants from the United States, Hong Kong and Spain are presented with recommendations for future research involving the participation equality construct. This is a first paper in a series of working papers that study the effect of information technology, particularly computer mediated communication (CMC) technology, across various cultural and experimental settings


international applications of technology, participation equality, participation, computer mediated communication, CMC, electronic group support systems, GSS

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