This article reconsiders the evolution of the Parisian art market using a homogeneous, stable, and diachronic source: the Bottin du commerce. The systematic study of the "art dealers" section from 1815 to 1955 provides a global perspective on the dynamics of the art trade and the transformations of the profession. After first developing under Louis XVIII, the market stabilizes and structures itself during the Second Empire. It then experiences a slowdown in the 1870s before taking off again and becoming fully competitive in the 1890s. The factors of this evolution are connected to the real economy - national and international - but also to the financial sphere.



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