In their travel writings about Europe in the 19th century, Moroccan visitors compare and contrast what they see of the European artistic designs and aesthetic values with experiences from their own native cultures. In this paper, I analyze the discourse and rhetoric about the enjoyment of nature, landscape design and leisure aesthetics as explored in the travel writing of the Moroccan traveler al-‘Amrāwī in his travelogue Tuḥfat al-Malik al-ʿAzīz bimamlakat Bārīz (1860). Here we see a significant engagement between the periphery and the center, from outlying ‘pre-modern’ cultures to the epicenter of Western culture and modernity.
Idrissi Alami, Ahmed. "Contesting French Aesthetics of Space and Nature Enjoyment in Moroccan Travel Writing in the 19th Century." Artl@s Bulletin 2, no. 1 (2013): Article 3.