Nutrient Retention Capabilities of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus) Fed Bio-Regenerative Life Support System (BLSS) Waste Residue


Nile tilapia were evaluated as a bio-regenerative sub-process for reducing solid waste potentially encountered in bio-regenerative life support systems. Ten juvenile Nile tilapia (mean weight = 2.05 g) were stocked into triplicate aquaria and fed one of seven experimental diets consisting of vegetable, bacterial, or food waste for a period of seven weeks. Weight gain (g), specific growth rate (mg/d), and daily consumption (g) was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in the control group (13.80, 281.60, and 47.49, respectively) followed by the wheat bran/wheat germ group (4.25, 86.87, and 24.24). Carbon and crude lipid retention was significantly higher (p < 0.001) in fish fed the control diet (37.99 and 68.54, respectively) followed by fish fed the wheat bran/wheat germ diet (23.19 and 63.67, respectively). Nitrogen, sulfur, and crude protein retention was significantly higher (p < 0.001) in fish fed the wheat bran/wheat germ group (40.73, 98.65, and 40.75, respectively) followed by fish fed the control diet (23.68, 21.89, and 23.68, respectively). A general loss of minerals was observed among all groups. Strong associations were observed between crude lipid retention and sulfur retention (r2 = 0.94), crude lipid retention and carbon retention (r2 = 0.92), WG and fiber content of dietary treatments (r2 = 0.92), WG and carbon retention and (r2 = 0.88), WG and lysine content of waste residues (r2 = 0.86), crude protein retention and carbon retention (r2 = 0.84), sulfur retention and crude protein retention (r2 = 0.84), and total sulfur amino acid (TSAA) content of residues and WG (r2 = 0.81). Weaker associations existed between WG and crude lipid retention (r2 = 0.77), crude fiber content and carbon retention (r2 = 0.76), and WG and methionine content of waste residues (r2 = 0.75). Additional research is needed to improve the nutritional quality of fibrous residues as a means to improve tilapia's ability to utilize these residues as a food source in bio-regenerative support systems.

Description:10 pages


Nile tilapia, Bio-regenerative life support, Fibrous residues

Date of this Version

June 2007



Publisher Identifier:

Advances in Space Research, 40(11), 1725-1734. DOI:10.1016/j.asr.2007.06.034


Amsterdam, Elsevier Scientific Pub. Co.

ALS NSCORT Project Number

Project 10 - Tilapia

Project Lead

Paul B. Brown




Published Materials

Administrative Contact

Kotterman, David. dkotter@purdue.edu


Copyright 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. For more information please visit the author's rights section of the publisher's website at: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/authorsview.authors/authorsrights or the publisher's home page at: http://www.elsevier.com


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