Thermodynamics of hydrogen vacancies in MgH2 from first-principles calculations and grand-canonical statistical mechanics

R Grau-Crespo, UCL, Dept Chem, London
K C. Smith, Purdue University - Main Campus
Timothy Fisher, Purdue University - Main Campus
N H. de Leeuw, UCL, Dept Chem, London
U V. Waghmare, Jawaharlal Nehru Ctr Adv Sci Res

Date of this Version



DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.80.174117

This document has been peer-reviewed.



Ab initio calculations and statistical mechanics are combined to elucidate the thermodynamics of H vacancies in MgH2. A general method based on a grand-canonical ensemble of defect configurations is presented to model the exchange of hydrogen between crystalline MgH2 and gas-phase H-2. We find that, even at the lowest hydrogen partial pressures at which the hydride phase is stable, MgH2 is capable of accommodating only very small concentrations of hydrogen vacancies. These vacancies are mainly isolated rather than forming clusters, contrary to what is expected from a simple energetic analysis.


Nanoscience and Nanotechnology