A Microresonator Design Based on Nonlinear 1:2 Internal Resonance in Flexural Structural Modes
Date of this Version6-2009
JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 18, NO. 3, JUNE 2009
This document has been peer-reviewed.
A unique T-beam microresonator designed to operate on the principle of nonlinear modal interactions due to 1 : 2 internal resonance is introduced. Specifically, the T-structure is designed to have two flexural modes with natural frequencies in a 1 : 2 ratio, and the higher frequency mode autoparametrically excites the lower frequency mode through inertial quadratic nonlinearities. A Lagrangian formulation is used to model the electrostatically actuated T-beam resonator, and it includes inertial quadratic nonlinearities, cubic nonlinearities due to midplane stretching and curvature of the beam, electrostatic potential, and effects of thermal prestress. A nonlinear two-mode reduced-order model is derived using linear structural modes in desired internal resonance. The model is used to estimate static pull-in bias voltages and dynamic responses using asymptotic averaging. Nonlinear frequency responses are developed for the case of resonant actuation of a higher frequency mode. It is shown that the lower frequency flexural mode is excited for actuation levels above a certain threshold and generates response component at half the frequency of resonant actuation. The effects of damping, thermal prestress, and mass and geometric perturbations from nominal design are thoroughly discussed. Finally, experimental results for a macroscale T-beam structure are briefly described and qualitatively confirm the basic analytical predictions. The T-beam resonator shows a high sensitivity to mass perturbations and, thus, holds great potential as a radio frequency filter-mixer and mass sensor. [2008-0107]
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology