Date of this Version6-2008
This document has been peer-reviewed.
The invention of metamaterials prompts reconsideratiou of a number of fundamental physical phenomena and enables a variety of unique properties and functionalities, These include negative refractive index, magnetism at optical frequencies, sub-wavelength resolution, "backward" phase matching conditions for nonlinear optical processes, and even rendering objects invisible - cloaking. In this brief review, recent progress in basic theory, design, fabrication, characterization, and potential applications of optical metamaterials is discussed.
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology