Optical cloaking with metamaterials
Date of this VersionApril 2007
This document has been peer-reviewed.
Artificially structured metamaterials have enabled unprecedented flexibility in manipulating electromagnetic waves and producing new functionalities, including the cloak of invisibility based on coordinate transformation(1-3). Unlike other cloaking approaches(4-6), which are typically limited to subwavelength objects, the transformation method allows the design of cloaking devices that render a macroscopic object invisible. In addition, the design is not sensitive to the object that is being cloaked. The first experimental demonstration of such a cloak at microwave frequencies was recently reported(7). We note, however, that that design(7) cannot be implemented for an optical cloak, which is certainly of particular interest because optical frequencies are where the word 'invisibility' is conventionally defined. Here we present the design of a non-magnetic cloak operating at optical frequencies. The principle and structure of the proposed cylindrical cloak are analysed, and the general recipe for the implementation of such a device is provided.